Friday, March 5, 2010

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Francis Bellamy & America's Nazi salute & history

Bellamy salute image bellamy.jpg and photograph

Franklin Delano Roosevelt & the Nazi Salute and the Pledge of Allegiance

Government in the USA popularized the straight-arm salute for three decades before Nazis began doing the same thing. The salute developed in the USA from 1892 in the Pledge of Allegiance (to the flag) in government schools. From there its use expanded to parades, with spectators saluting passing flags, military officials, other government officials, and politicians. There were uses outside of parades in gestures to and from politicians, legislators, government officials, and military officials.

The salute was used during the National Anthem and was used at sporting events. It was used by the USA's athletes at Olympic Games.

The salute was used by Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts.

The National Socialist German Workers' Party began in 1920, and the USA continued to expand its use of the salute. Congress did not attempt to inject itself into the mess until it adopted the Flag Code on June 22, 1942. That is after the USA entered WWII.

What is commonly called the "German Greeting" was, in a sense, the "American Greeting" first.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt robotically chanted the Pledge of Allegiance with the Nazi salute and he was sometimes saluted in that way by civilians. see the photograph at

Photographic examples exist of the Nazi salute used outside of the Pledge of Allegiance by FDR's underling, General Hugh Johnson, head of the National Recovery Administration. Hugh Samuel Johnson (1882-1942), an army officer and politician, often gave the salute. In one photograph (Granger Collection, N.Y.), Johnson presents President Roosevelt to a group of industrial leaders in Washington, D.C. on March 5, 1934 and Johnson uses the straight-arm salute (FDR is holding the arm of Secret Service aid Gus Generick). see the photograph at

A common myth on the web is that "Roosevelt instituted the hand over the heart gesture." A web search for the quoted  phrase suggests that the lie originated from evil wikipedia writers who post lies. Wikipedia is an anonymous bulletin board that is misrepresented as an encylopedia. It is misrepresented so effectively that other sites identified as reference sites will blindly repeat lies that are posted on Wikipedia. That repetition of lies is shown by the Roosevelt quote above. A web search for the quote produced the following inaccuracy: "Because of the similarity between the Bellamy salute and the Nazi salute, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt instituted the hand-over-the-heart gesture as the salute to be rendered by civilians during the Pledge of Allegiance and the national anthem in the United States, instead of the Bellamy salute. This was done when Congress officially adopted the Flag Code on June 22, 1942."  The most accurate part is the last sentence, which reveals that the salute changed after the U.S. had entered WWII. Roosevelt did not institute the hand-over-the-heart gesture (Congress attempted to start the switch), nor did Roosevelt do so because of the similarity between the "Bellamy salute" and the "Nazi salute." As is often the case, no source is cited in Wikipedia, because there is none to cite. The Nazi salute had been used by the National Socialist German Workers' Party for approximately two decades before 1942, and the U.S. developed and used the salute from 1892. Wikipedia's anonymous bulletin board changes by the nanosecond, and at the time of the above comment, the entire article was a study in deliberate and artful deception.

Dr. Rex Curry (author of Pledge of Allegiance Secrets) showed that the early Pledge to the USA's flag used a straight-arm salute and it was the origin of the salute to the swastika flag under the monstrous National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis). Frightening photographs are at

The Pledge began with a military salute that then stretched out toward the flag.  Due to the way that both gestures were used sequentially, the military salute led to the Nazi salute. The Nazi salute is an extended military salute.

The person who created the pledge to the USA's flag was a self-proclaimed socialist in the nationalism movement in the USA and he called his dogma "military socialism" and it influenced socialists in Germany, and his pledge was the origin of their salute to the swastika flag. "Nazi" means "National Socialist German Workers' Party."  Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, it was also used sometimes by German National Socialists to represent "S" letters for their "socialism," as shown by Professor Curry (author of "Swastika Secrets"). Hitler altered his own signature to use the same stylized "S" letter for "socialist" and similar alphabetic symbolism still shows on Volkswagens.

National Socialism conjures up visions of neo-classical buildings, big government economic programs, state funded art, labor camps, concentration camps, leaders in open cars wearing capes, militant rallies, and segregation imposed by law in government schools (socialist schools) where racism is taught as public policy.  All of those and more existed under FDR and before him in the USA.

Written in 1892, the pledge's robotic chanting and stiff-arm salute spread with help from patriotic groups in the 1920s, prominent among them the Ku Klux Klan.

John Benton Bellamy (son of Francis Bellamy, author of the Pledge of Allegiance) was graduated from Harvard with the class of 1904 and President Franklin D. Roosevelt was a classmate. (Berkeley Daily Gazette - Jun 14, 1944).

Hugh Johnson, the Nazi Salute, Roosevelt FDR & the Pledge of Allegiance

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